This art is found throughout large parts of eastern and central Africa and was the work of small hunter-gatherer type people, possibly related or similar to the ancestors of modern pygmies. The Wandorobo may be partly descended from some of these people.

In eastern Africa, Twa art is mainly found in the Lake Victoria Basin where it usually consists of geometric designs, especially concentric circles. Twa animal depictions, rare, were usually painted in red and white although the white paint has often disappeared. The greatest concentrations of Twa paintings are found in northern Zambia, and adjacent Congo, spreading west into Angola, east into northern Mozambique and Malawi and then into East Africa.

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